Cardio falls in the category of aerobic exercise that includes activities like walking or biking. Aerobic exercise needs oxygen. A steady supply of oxygen is required while performing aerobic exercise. This helps in burning fats and carbohydrates for energy. Your heart rate will increase and remain high for longer time while performing cardio.
The exercise forms such as walking, jogging, running, swimming and cycling comes under aerobic or cardio exercise. Sports such as soccer, tennis or basketball are good from of cardio activities.
Weights is a form of anaerobic exercise. The activities that involve weight lifting and other similar form are good example of weights or anaerobic exercise. In this form of activity there is a short burst of powerful movement that involves carbohydrates to burn to get energy. This form of exercise do not require oxygen.
Weights includes activities that involves intense workouts or strengthening activities. Lifting free weights, resistance bands, or training with weight machines all comes under weights that strength your muscles. Some people use own body for performing weights, this form includes lunges, crunches, or push-ups. Plyometric exercises and short sprints exercise also come under this from.
With cardio you can reduce the risk of health issues such as cardiac and vascular diseases. It also helps to improve cholesterol levels and decrease in systemic inflammation. Cardio also reduces risk of type 2 diabetes, certain type of cancer and even Alzheimer’s disease.
Whereas, weights helps to form lean muscle mass eventually decreasing body fat and risk of developing disease such as hypertension, heart disease, and obesity associated cancers. It also helps to reduce type 2 diabetes and risk of developing osteoporosis.
However, weights or strength training has little edge over cardio, as it helps in improving strength, joint stability, flexibility, balance and coordination. It also has huge impact on bone health.
Health experts suggest a mix of both the forms of exercise, as they have their own advantages and dis-advantages. Mixing both weights and cardio in your fitness regimen will help in weight loss and to maintain ideal body weight.
After knowing how these workout routine affects our body, you can create a workout regimen that suits your body type.